Adult Learning Concepts (Malcolm Knowles, et al) One foundation for the transition to active adult learning is found in the adult learning theory of Malcolm Knowles in his studies of how adults learn. There are some similarities in the adult and child classroom, although adults generally have distinctly different motivations to engage in learning. Learning Objectives Knowledge Skills Attitudes Characteristics of Adult Learners Because the adult learner is primarily in charge of his or her own learning, the teacher of adults has a different job from the one who teaches children. Since the ’s, adult learning .
attitudes toward adult education and social participation have been sources of concern among professional educators” (p. ). The concerns are not without merit as adults with negative or unfavorable attitudes toward education are least likely to participate in adult education (Adolph & Whaley, ; Burrus &Author: Andrea Rose Bennett. This longitudinal study examines the perceptions, attitudes, and preferences of the adult learners in higher education institutions in the United States. Based on these aspects, this study allowed for an insight into how higher education institutions can create programs to better meet the needs of their adult learning population.
A. Motivational factors and general attitudes towards school Motivation is often considered the driving force behind learning. One can distinguish motives deriving from external rewards for good performance such as praise or future prospects and internally generated motives such as interest in subject areas (Deci and Ryan, ). Adult Learners: Characteristics, Qualities, and Needs. Andragogy is the study of how adults learn and is a theory developed by Malcolm Knowles based on a variety of research centered on adult development, needs, and learning styles.